- Intertribal Court of California (ICC)- Tribal court chartered by a consortium of Indian tribes to address legal issues authorized under their collective judicial authorities. ICC is a court of limited jurisdiction authorized by an inter-tribal governing agreement, exercising jurisdiction over cases involving on reservation housing disputes (eviction cases) and cases involving the welfare of the children of member tribes. The enrolled members of the consortium tribes and other interested parties may also submit cases to the court mediation services for resolution.
- California Indian Museum - The California Indian Museum is a project made possible by NIJC to acquire, record, preserve, study, interpret, and exhibit information of the outstanding importance on the history, cultural heritage, and contemporary life of the indigenous people of California. The Museum's goal is to light the way--the spiritual, social, economic, and personal way-- for native people of the Western hemisphere and the Pacific Islands to come together and share.
- The Native American Bar Association - Bar association for Native American lawyers and attorneys interested in federal Indian law.
- Lisa Mitten's Native American Sites - Contains a vast amount of Native American links.
- The People's Paths: North American & First People's Publications - Contains online publications by and concerning Indian peoples.
- National CASA Association - National Court Appointed Special Advocate Association is a nationwide movement of community volunteers who provide legal assistance for abused and neglected children.
- California Indian Legal Services - CILS is a non-profit American Indian controlled law firm which provides specialized legal representation to California Indians and Indian tribes. CILS provides free or low-cost representation on certain matters concerning Indian land base, self-determination, and Indian heritage.
Native American Organizations
- Gov't Resources for Native Americans on the Internet - University of Massachusetts Native Resources Website
- National American Indian Court Judges Assoc. - Assoc. of Tribal Judges supporting American and Alaska Native Justice Systems - education, information sharing and advocacy
- National American Indian Housing Council - Promotes, supports and promotes tribes and tribal housing in their efforts to...
- National Congress of American Indians - Forum for consensus-based policy development of membership of over 250 tribal governments
- National Indian Child Welfare Assoc. - Dedicated to the well-being of American Indian Families - policy analysis, community development and information exchange
- National Native American Law Students Association - Law students association for students interested in Indian law
- Native American Rights Fund - Provides legal representation and technical assistance to Indian tribes, organizations and individuals nationwide
- Native Elder Health Care Resource Center - National resource for older American Indians, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians - emphasis on culturally competent health care
- International Indian Treaty Council - Working towards international representation and recognition of Indigenous Peoples self-determination
- Administration of Children and Families - American Indian and regional specific program support options. DHHS support for many programs from child welfare, family employment assistance, disabilities, youth intervention and facilitation of tribes, state and federal government programs
- Bureau of Indian Affairs - "Responsible for the administration of federal programs for federally recognized Indian tribes..." - Also contains directory of phone numbers and addresses of all Indian tribes.
- BIA Law Enforcement Program - "responsible for the overall management of the BIA Law Enforcement Program ..investigation of crimes which occur in Indian Country."
- Department of Justice (DOJ) - Has many Native American Programs on Indian tribal courts and law enforcement.
- Office of Justice Programs - DOJ's grant making agency has many Native American programs
- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention - DOJ's OJJDP program supports state and local community efforts of prevention and intervention programs
- Bureau of Justice Assistance - "Supporting criminal justice systems and communities with funding, technical assistance and training."
- Office of Justice Programs- Drug Courts (OJP) - Technical assistance, training to alter criminal behavior and drug use - includes grant program
- Indian Health Services - Responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives
- Office of Tribal Justice - Facilitates coordination between departments working on Indian issues and Indian tribal governments with the Dept. of Justice
- Dept of Health and Human Services - DHHS has Native American programs as well.
- US Dept. of Interior - DOI has many Native American programs
- Administration of Native Americans - Promotes social and economic self-sufficiency of American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and other Native Pacific Island Peoples
- Dept of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) - Offers programs, assistance and loan programs specifically for Native American tribes, organizations and sometimes individuals
- Office of Native American Programs (ONAP) - Native American Housing Program established within HUD
- Federal Agency Website Directory - Links to government sites and resources
- Office of Victims of Crime - DOJ's Victims of Crime Program includes links to related federal sites
- Violence Against Women Office - Practice and model programs, grant program, links to federal laws , regulations, statistical publications, resource links and regional referral links
- Division of Energy and Mineral Development (DEMD) - assists Tribes with the exploration, development, and management of their energy and mineral resources, including construction aggregate used on Reservation roads.
- National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development - Assisting in creating/developing businesses for the Native American community
Tribal Political, Social and Cultural Issues
- The Buffalo Post - Buffalo Post, a blog about Native American news and people
- American Indian Sports Team Mascots - Action alerts, history and educational resources
- The American Indian Movement - Grand governing council homepage
- California Native American Heritage Commission - To protect California burial and ceremonial sites
- Native American Graves and Repatriation Act - Full text and printable version
- California Indian Gaming News - Excellent daily news source for gaming issues and more, national and state news that affects California Indians
- California Nations Indian Gaming Association - Information, news and statements from CNIGA. Includes links to recent legislation, legislators and political sites
- Index of Native American Gaming Resources on the Web - Index of sites, articles, associations and Indian casino web pages
- National Indian Gaming Association - NIGA operates as a clearinghouse and educational, legislative and public policy resource for tribes, policymakers and the public on Indian gaming issues and tribal community development
- National Indian Gaming Commission - Federal agency responsible for regulation gaming on Indian lands
- National Indian Gaming Regulatory Act - Includes printable version of the text
Native News Links
- News From Indian Country - www.indiancountrynews.com
- Indian Country Today - www.indiancountry.com
- NativeWeb News Digest -http://www.nativeweb.org/news/
- The Navajo Times - http://navajotimes.com/
- Native American Public Telecommunications - www.nativecalling.org
- Sho-Ban News - www.shobannews.com
- Native American Times - http://www.nativetimes.com/
- Indianz.com - www.indianz.com
- CA Indian Gaming News - www.pechanga.net
- Native Radio Online - www.knba.org
- Native News Online - http://nativenewsonline.net/
Tribal Codes & Constitution Links
The US Constitution and the Bill of Rights in several versions...pick your own at www.constitution.org/cs_found.htm
Robert's Rules of Order
Ever storm out of a meeting? Knowing Robert's Rules of Order can eliminate the frustrations that can often accompany group discussions. Be the person who understands what precedes a debate, how to obtain the floor, introduce motions, second them, state questions, and when to debate. The floor will be all yours...Robert's Rules of Order.
Tribal Codes and Constitutions
- The Native American Constitution and Law Digitization - This website contains Tribal Codes, Constitutions, and Indian Land Titles from various Indian tribes -project by the University of Oklahoma
- Ho-Chunk Nation Tribal Court - This website contains Tribal Codes and Constitution of the Ho-Chunk Nation.
- Chicksaw Nation - This website contains the Chicksaw Nation Constitution
- The University of Oklahoma Law Center - This website contains Constitutions from various Indian tribes.
- Model Codes
- Northern CA Indian Development Council - This website contains a Model Tribal Code and a Tribal Business Code
- University of Montana School of Law - This website contains a Model Tribal Commercial Code
- The Intertribal Council of Arizona - This website contains a Model Tribal Solid Waste Management Code
- --NIJC offers for sale a model Tribal Housing Code, model Tribal Juvenile Justice Code, and model Tribal Child/Family Protection Code. Prices can be found at the NIJC Publications page.
- --Numerous websites have been found to have these model codes listed on their web pages without permission.
- --All materials produced by NIJC are copyrighted. Copyright ©1999 National Indian Justice Center.
- --Unauthorized reproduction or distribution of these materials or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties and will be prosecuted to the maximum extent possible under the law.
Legal Search Links
Various websites allow the public to search for Court Decisions, Legal Documents, and Funding Availability.
- American Indian Law Review - To search articles concerning Indian legal issues.
- Tribal Law Journal - To search for articles concerning Indian legal issues.
- Legal Information Institute @ Cornell Law School - To search for Supreme Court Decisions and Federal Circuit Court Decisions
- Findlaw - To search for Legal Documents
- EZ/EC Program Office of the US Dept of Agriculture and HUD - To search for Notices of Funding Availability for Federal Grant Programs (also appear in the Federal Register)
- Government Printing Office (GPO) - To search the Federal Register
- Federal Register-Environmental - To search the Federal Register for Environmental Documents and the Unified Agenda
- Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties - To search for Indian laws and treaties from the digital library at Oklahoma State University
- Native American & Aboriginal Law - New England School of Law-Indian Law search site
- Native Web's Law & Legal Issues - To search for Indian law and legal issues
- National Indian Law Library - Search the catalog online.
- Indian Law Resource Center - To search for updates on Indian law.
The Regional Tribal Justice Center
There are twenty-two (22) federally recognized tribes in Lake, Mendocino, and Sonoma Counties in Northern California. Many of these tribes are in great need of assistance in developing basic justice systems for their communities. Most of these tribes are small and unable to compete with larger tribes for federal grants to develop basic systems of justice. In fact, most tribes need training and technical assistance on foundational components of tribal governance and tribal justice. In response to these needs, the National Indian Justice Center (NIJC) has been awarded funding through Congress, with the assistance from Congressman Mike Thompson, to develop the Regional Tribal Justice Center (the Center) which focuses on issues facing the tribes and their communities within this tri-county region. NIJC is an Indian owned and operated non-profit corporation that provides technical assistance to tribes throughout the nation. NIJC will serve as the parent organization to the Center. The mission of the Center is to develop governmental infrastructure and justice systems and to answer basic legal questions of the tribal members.
The Center serves as an independent education and resource center dedicated to the needs of the tri-county region. The Center provides education programs with special emphasis on developing tribal governmental infrastructure, as well as developing law-related educational programs for Native American youth. The youth programs are designed specifically to educate them about tribal-state history, dispute resolution, and the role of the tribal council. There will also be specific skills training on computers, emphasizing basic principles of law.
In addition to its educational objectives, the Center houses the Intertribal Court of California (the Court). The Court is a circuit court currently serving a consortium of eight (8) tribes within the tri-county area. The Court is limited in jurisdiction to Indian child welfare cases and Indian housing cases. The Court also provides a mediation service to member tribes and their membership. The Center facility has hearing rooms, a law library, a computer training lab, classrooms, and administrative office space.
The Center is a division of NIJC which develops and conducts education programs, curricula and training services, and administers the Court. NIJC brings experience and resources to this project, including a wealth of educational materials developed specifically for tribal communities. NIJC's collaborative partnerships include California Indian Legal Services, Native American Rights Fund, California State Social Services, Office for Criminal Justice Planning, the California Attorney General's Office and the Tribes in the tri-county region. We invite you to visit the Center at 5250 Aero Drive just north of Santa Rosa.Downloadable Model Solid Waste and Water Codes
- Model Tribal Air Quality Ordinance
- Model Tribal Solid Waste Disposal Ordinance
- Model Tribal Water Quality Ordinance
- Model Tribal Drinking Water Ordinance
5250 Aero Drive, Santa Rosa, CA 95403